Date Sheet and Directions Instructions for End-Term Examination to All Faculties Dec 2021 - Jan 2022
A diverse group of aviation professionals discussing strategies in a classroom setting at Compass Aviation.

Explaining the Difference Between VFR and IFR Flying

A pilot in the cockpit of an aircraft flying visually over Nepal's mountains.

Visual Flight Rules (VFR) entail flying an aircraft based on what the pilot can see. It’s akin to driving a car, where the pilot relies on visual cues to navigate safely. Visibility limitations restrict VFR pilots from flying through clouds. In Nepal, where diverse terrain and varying weather patterns are common, VFR pilots must maintain a strict separation from clouds to ensure safety. Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal (CAAN) mandates specific horizontal and vertical separations to prevent collisions and maintain safe distances from terrain, especially in congested areas like cities and towns. Pilot training for VFR and IFR in Nepal is vital for safe navigation.

On the other hand, Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) allow pilots to fly into clouds and adverse weather conditions with no external visibility. In such situations, pilots rely solely on instruments within the cockpit for navigation. Pilots must undergo rigorous training and adhere to flight plans filed with authorities, ensuring they follow a precise route and altitude. While IFR offers greater flexibility in navigating through challenging weather, it requires meticulous planning and coordination, often leading to delays in departure and additional preparation time.

In Nepal’s airspace, where air traffic congestion and varied terrain pose challenges, both VFR and IFR operations are crucial for ensuring safe and efficient air travel. In busy airspace and for maintaining visual separation, VFR is suitable, while IFR becomes essential during adverse weather conditions or in controlled airspace where precise navigation is required. However, the choice between VFR and IFR depends primarily on weather conditions and the pilot’s proficiency in instrument flying.


Overall, the interplay between VFR and IFR flying reflects the complexities of aviation in Nepal, where pilots must navigate diverse terrain and changing weather patterns while adhering to stringent regulations to ensure the safety of air travel. The rigorous pilot training for VFR and IFR in Nepal underscores the importance of ensuring safe and efficient air travel in the face of diverse terrain and challenging weather conditions.

More News

International Air Hostess Training in Nepal – Compass Aviation

“Addiction is not a choice but it’s a disease “

After Training From Compass Aviation

Total Fee and Time (Air Hostess Training)

inflight program

Admission open Air Hostess Training

Quick Links